Publications

    Rosenberg J, Donovan C, Madore A, Weintraub R. Working as an ASHA to Improve Maternal and Child Health in Uttar Pradesh, India. Harvard Business Publishing. 2018.Abstract

    Set in India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, this case explores the complexity of addressing maternal and child health and care delivery by looking at health-related behaviors and decision making from the perspective of a frontline health worker. The case is intended to be used in conjunction with GHD-39N (Maternal and Child Health in Uttar Pradesh, India: A Mother’s Story) and GHD-040 (Improving Maternal and Child Health Outcomes in Uttar Pradesh, India).

    Teaching Note available through Harvard Business Publishing.Khairabad Community Health Center

    Learning Objectives: A productive class discussion will allow students to appreciate the decisions facing frontline providers and their beneficiaries, and the numerous factors that influence their choices; how households prioritize health among other needs; and the complexity of aligning health programs with beneficiary needs, cultural context, household dynamics, and other factors to impact health behaviors and outcomes.

    Keywords: public health, human resources, health care delivery, decision making, maternal and child health, behavioral economics, resource-limited settings, health care policy, data collection, performance management

    Donovan C, Rosenberg J, Madore A, Weintraub R. Maternal and Child Health in Uttar Pradesh, India: A Mother's Story. Harvard Business Publishing. 2018.Abstract

    Set in India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, this case explores the complexity of addressing maternal and child health and care delivery by looking at health-related behaviors and decision making from the perspective of a mother. The case is intended to be used in conjunction with GHD-039 (Working as an ASHA to Improve Maternal and Child Health in Uttar Pradesh, India) and GHD-040 (Improving Maternal and Child Health Outcomes in Uttar Pradesh, India).

    Teaching Note available through Harvard Business Publishing.

    Khairabad Community Health CenterLearning Objectives: A productive class discussion will allow students to appreciate the decisions facing frontline providers and their beneficiaries, and the numerous factors that influence their choices; how households prioritize health among other needs; and the complexity of aligning health programs with beneficiary needs, cultural context, household dynamics, and other factors to impact health behaviors and outcomes.

    Keywords: public health, consumers, health care delivery, maternal and child health, consumer behavior, behavioral economics, resource-limited settings, health care policy, data collection, decision making

     

    Cole C, Talbot JR, Rhatigan J, Weintraub R, Porter ME. HIV Prevention in Maharashtra, India. Harvard Business Publishing. 2011.Abstract

    The case examines Avahan's delivery model for targeted HIV prevention in India within a value-based framework by describing an implementing nongovernmental organization's district level activities. After providing information about the epidemiological, organizational, and political context, the case shows how the nongovernmental organization, Muslim Samaj Prabodhan Va Shikshan Sanstha (MSPSS), is able to tailor a set of activities to match the needs of its target communities under the guidance of one of Avahan's six "state lead partners," Mukta, which is contracted to recruit and manage grantee NGOs. Through a detailed description of MSPSS' activities, the case examines how high-value, comprehensive HIV preventive services can be delivered to a high-risk population. The case ends with MSPSS's leaders challenged to preserve the value of the program as they prepare to transition the program to government ownership.

    Teaching Note available through Harvard Business Publishing.

    MSPSS Ceremony Honoring Female Police Officer
    MSPSS Ceremony Honoring Female Police Officer. Source: MSPSS. (Exhibit 19 from "HIV Prevention in Maharashtra, India " case.)

    Learning Objectives: To understand the role of strategy in health care delivery through an examination of how HIV prevention programs generate value for the populations they serve through their selection and configuration of program activities.

    Keywords: Marginalized populations, targeted interventions, strategy, HIV prevention

    May M, Rhatigan J. BRAC’s Tuberculosis Program: Pioneering DOTS Treatment for TB in Rural Bangladesh. Harvard Business Publishing. 2011.Abstract

    This case examines the development of a tuberculosis (TB) treatment program in Bangladesh by the non-governmental organization, BRAC, from 1984 to 2006. After providing background about Bangladesh, the burden of TB there, and BRAC, the case examines how this program was piloted and grew to cover a population of 80 million people. It details how BRAC was able to create a TB control program that utilized community health workers to perform most of its essential functions including case finding, directly-observed therapy, identification of complications, and record keeping. The case concludes with a brief summary of BRAC’s expansion to Afghanistan and recently, Africa, and asks the reader to consider the feasibility of this TB care model in other contexts and in other conditions, such as HIV/AIDS.

    Teaching Note available through Harvard Business Publishing.

    Timeline of BRAC TB Program Expansions
    Timeline of BRAC TB Program Expansions. Source: From One to Many: Scaling Up Health Programs in Low-Income Countries. Edited by Richard A Cash, A Mushtaque R. Chowdhury, George B. Smith, and Faruque Ahmed (2010). Ch 13. Islam A and May MA. Decentralized Management in the Expansion of BRAC's Rural Tuberculosis Program (DOTS). Pgs. 207-214. (Exhibit 3 in "BRAC’s Tuberculosis Program: Pioneering DOTS Treatment for TB in Rural Bangladesh" case.)

    Learning Objectives: To understand effective strategies for effectively engaging community health workers to deliver complex medical and public health interventions to large populations in low resource settings.

    Supporting Content: The sequel to this case is titled Tuberculosis in Dhaka: BRAC’s Urban TB Program.

    Keywords: Community health workers, tuberculosis control, rural nongovernmental organizations, social enterprise

    May M, Cash R, Rhatigan J. Tuberculosis in Dhaka: BRAC’s Urban TB Program. Harvard Business Publishing. 2011.Abstract

    This case examines BRAC’s experience expanding its rural TB program to the urban environment of Dhaka between 2002 and 2008. The case provides background information about Dhaka and describes what TB services existed at the time. The case then describes the expansion of BRAC’s TB program into Dhaka and details innovations in the Urban program. Students should gain an understanding of how these program modifications were a response to the specific challenges the program faced in the urban setting. The case allows an exploration of how successful health care delivery program adapt to new environments.

    Teaching Note available through Harvard Business Publishing.

    Map of Dhaka
    Map of Dhaka. Source: Available at http://www.urpnissues.com/webpage/maps/Districts/13.GIF. (Exhibit 1 in "Tuberculosis in Dhaka: BRAC’s Urban TB Program" case.)

    Learning Objectives: To understand how a successful health care delivery program that is uniquely tailored to a particular setting can adapt its operations in a new environment.

    Supporting Content: This case is a sequel to BRAC’s Tuberculosis Program: Pioneering DOTS Treatment for TB in Rural Bangladesh

    Keywords: Service delivery innovation, tuberculosis control, urban nongovernmental organizations