Concept Notes

Concept notes provide background information about programs, policies, frameworks, and topics relevant to global health delivery that emerge in the case collection but are not otherwise explored in depth.

Talbot JR, Sullivan E, Carney N, Rhatigan J, Weintraub R. Cases in Global Health Delivery Glossary. Harvard Business Publishing. 2012.Abstract

This glossary supports the Cases in Global Health Delivery by providing definitions and explanations of terms, metrics, and concepts used in the cases. While some of the terms can be found in dictionaries, often with multiple definitions, others stem from our own research.

Learning Objectives: To aid students in fully understanding the concepts in the Cases in Global Health Delivery.

Keywords: Global health, health care delivery, public health, developing countries

Patel P, Enumah S, Chao T, et al. Concept Note: Global Surgery Care Delivery. Harvard Business Publishing. 2015.Abstract

This concept note aims to describe the history of global surgery, the current landscape for providing surgical care in resource-limited settings, and future directions for research, funding, and advancement of global surgery.

Learning Objectives: To further students’ and instructors’ understanding of surgery in the context of global health care delivery. This concept note supports teaching cases in the Global Health Delivery (GHD) Case Collection (e.g., GHD-028: Surgery at AIC Kijabe Hospital in Rural Kenya; GHD-023 Indus Charity Hospital in Pakistan; GHD-027 Kenya’s Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Program).

Keywords: Global health, development of a field, surgical care delivery, history, surgery

Arnquist S, Talbot JR, Rhatigan J, Weintraub R, Plank R. Concept Note: HIV Prevention. Harvard Business Publishing. 2012.Abstract

This concept note reviews the epidemiological landscape of HIV/AIDS; the history and challenge of HIV prevention; means for preventing sexual transmission of HIV, transmission through blood exposure, and mother-to-child transmission as well as potential benefits of pre-exposure prophylaxis. It discusses strategies for implementing HIV prevention programs and the outlook for future programs.

Critical Events in the Global Response to HIV/AIDS
Critical Events in the Global Response to HIV/AIDS. Source: Merson MH, O’Malley J, Serwadda D, Apisuk C. The history and challenge of HIV prevention. Lancet. 2008;372(9637):475-488. (Exhibit 2 from "HIV Prevention" concept note.)

Learning Objectives: To aid students in fully understanding the HIV prevention landscape and concepts in the Cases in Global Health Delivery.

Keywords: Policy, AIDS, R&D, prevention

Rosenberg J, Madore A, Weintraub R. Concept Note: Implementing Universal Health Coverage: The Experience in Thailand, Ghana, Rwanda, and Vietnam. Harvard Business Publishing. 2015.Abstract

This concept note aims to explore some of the basic principles underlying universal health care and their application in Thailand, Ghana, Rwanda, and Vietnam.

Relationship between UHC and Health Financing
Relationship between UHC and Health Financing (source: Kutzin, Joseph. Health financing for universal coverage and health system performance: concepts and implications for policy. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2013; 91: 602-611)

Learning Objectives: To further students’ and instructors’ understanding of universal health coverage. This concept note supports teaching cases in the Global Health Delivery (GHD) Case Collection (e.g., GHD-030: Sin Taxes and Health Financing in the Philippines; GHD-032 Political Leadership in South Africa: National Health Insurance).

Keywords: Policy design and implementation, political leadership, financing, health insurance, health equity, monitoring and evaluation, universal health coverage, quality of care

Rosenberg J, Wachter K, Weintraub R. Concept Note: Malnutrition. Harvard Business Publishing. 2015.Abstract

This concept note provides an overview of malnutrition, including its definition, causes, and management related to prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. It also describes the state of global malnutrition, including national and international efforts to reduce malnutrition and the stakeholders involved.

Learning Objectives: To further students’ and instructors’ understanding of malnutrition-related concepts presented in the Global Health Delivery (GHD) Case Collection (e.g., GHD-031: Reducing Child Malnutrition in Maharashtra, India).

Keywords: Maternal and child health, children, intergenerational disease, public-private partnership, nutrition, strategy, political leadership, scale-up, community health workers, health care delivery, malnutrition, cross-sector collaboration

Talbot JR, Rhatigan J. Concept Note: The Development of Tuberculosis Treatments and Policy. Harvard Business Publishing. 2012.Abstract

This concept note reviews the history of tuberculosis control with a focus on the development of chemotherapy for the disease, the creation of public health programs, and the evolution of international tuberculosis control policy.

British Medical Research Council Tuberculosis Research Studies, 1946-1986
British Medical Research Council Tuberculosis Research Studies, 1946-1986. Source: Fox, W., G.A. Ellard, and D.A. Mitchison, Studies on the treatment of tuberculosis undertaken by the British Medical Research Council Tuberculosis Units, 1946-1986, with relevant subsequent publications. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 1999. 3(10): p. S231-S279. (Exhibit 1 from "The Development of Tuberculosis Treatments and Policy" concept note.)

Learning Objectives: To aid students in fully understanding the history of tuberculosis control and policy and concepts in the Cases in Global Health Delivery.

Keywords: Policy, innovation, R&D

Sullivan E, ole-MoiYoi K, Weintraub R. Concept Note: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. Harvard Business Publishing. 2012.Abstract

This concept note explains the history, management, structure, financing, and strategy of the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria-a public-private partnership and international financing institution created to attract and disburse resources to prevent and treat HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. The note also provides some insight to its impact on grantees. Because the Global Fund plays an important role for many of the organizations featured in the Cases in Global Health Delivery Series, this note will be useful background reading for students engaging in those cases.

Global Fund–Supported Program Results

Global Fund–Supported Program Results. Source: Making a Difference, Global Fund 2011 Results Report. (Exhibit 3 from "Concept Note: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.")

Learning Objectives: To understand the structure, management, and role of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria as an international financing institution.

Keywords: Structure, financing, tuberculosis and malaria, history, Global Fund to Fight Aids, strategy, management

Sullivan E, Goentzel J, Weintraub R. Concept Note: The Global Health Supply Chain. Harvard Business Publishing. 2012.Abstract

This concept note provides students, providers, and managers with an introduction to the concepts related to global health supply chain management using the functional process view-the broad areas of manufacturing, procurement, and distribution. It explains how patient care and supply chains interface and affect operations and may be useful background reading for the Cases in Global Health Delivery Series.

The Global Health Supply Chain

The Global Health Supply Chain. Source: Prashant Yadav. (Exhibit 1 "Concept Note: The Global Health Supply Chain" case.)

Learning Objectives: To examine the global health supply chain and its importance in global health delivery.

Keywords: Procurement, manufacturing, and distribution, how patient care and supply chains interface and affect operations